Recent research shows that are domesticated animals, both pets and livestock, may hold the key to the spread of viruses among humans and other Wildlife according to a new research study involving Swansea University. However, the study has revealed the patterns of how viruses are shared between humans and wildlife species differ between two significant groups of RNA and DNA viruses.
We aren’t talking about the common cold but different types of infections. Research has found that bats are proving to carry and host viruses that may eventually spill over into humans with devastating health effects; however, the study picks up that there are other mammalian groups and especially domestic species that spread the virus; however that data is much less clear. The scientific data suggests that current and future viral threats are linked to viruses the spread between several different species.
Researchers found associations between 1785 virus species and 725 mammalian hosts all over the world. The scientists are working on publishing the information, so that is public. The researchers then took the patterns that they discovered and fed it into computer models to identify which species are the most Central links in the networks of how humans and other mammals are associated with the same virus species. What base did was physically draw possible Pathways to illustrate virus spread and spillover. Researchers then computed whether species are less specialized than others enabling them to spread among a more diverse range of post species posing a higher risk for future disease emergence. While it sounds like science fiction on the surface, it really is coming. Imagine being able to predict viral outbreaks based on livestock.
The study found that patterns of DNA and RNA virus sharing among different mammalian groups to be somewhat different. Bats and carnivores are the most influential in spreading RNA viruses but play only a minor role in spreading DNA viruses among humans and mammalian species. Ungulates or hoofed animals are of central importance for the spread of both types of viruses. DNA and RNA both share a relatively similar structure.
The scientific research showed that RNA viruses have a higher potential to shipped across mammalian species what different histories and habitats that means that the virus can be shared across a wide variety of habitats, basically propagating the spread of it. Realistically it’s a matter of conscience 20 different species at the right time and place. This does not apply to all viruses. The more specialized of the viruses can hop from species to species rather quickly, and they actually are shown to benefit from Human contact and are more prevalent when researching population centers.